As human cultures developed and knowledge began to be formalized through oral traditions and practices, building became a craft, and “Architecture” is the name given to the most highly formalized and respected versions of that craft.
Architecture is that great living creative spirit which from generation to generation, from age to age, proceeds, persists, creates, according to the nature of man, and his circumstances as they change. Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings and other physical structures.
Since the 1980s, as the complexity of buildings began to increase in terms of structural systems, services, energy and technologies, the field of Architecture became multi-disciplinary with specializations for each project type, technological expertise or project delivery methods. Environmental sustainability has become a mainstream issue, with profound effect on the architectural profession.
The development of a country is reflected in its architecture and the built and un-built spaces created in the urban fabric. Institutions imparting Architectural Education play an important role in producing good talented creative architects who are well verse with the changing trends in the technologies for the development of the country.